What is Power Electronics? (+How to start a Career in it)

Power electronics are essential for converting, controlling, and conditioning electrical power. It has become a critical aspect of modern power systems and is vital to efficient energy use. 

Power electronics is used in various applications, including renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, industrial control systems, and consumer electronics. 

This article will provide an overview of power electronics, its importance, and how to start a career in this field.

What is Power Electronics?

Power electronics refers to the application of electronics to the control and conversion of electrical power. It involves designing and implementing circuits and systems that can efficiently transform and regulate electrical energy. The main goal of power electronics is to convert electrical power from one form to another, such as converting AC power to DC power or vice versa.

Power electronics systems typically consist of power semiconductors, such as diodes, transistors, and thyristors, which control and switch the flow of electrical current. These components build circuits that can convert and control electrical power at different voltage and current levels.

Applications of Power Electronics

Power electronics are used in a wide range of applications across various industries. Some of the main applications of power electronics include:

  • Renewable Energy Systems - Power electronics are essential for converting the DC power generated by solar panels and wind turbines into AC power used in homes and businesses. Power electronics also play a vital role in energy storage systems, which store excess energy generated by renewable sources.
  • Electric Vehicles - Power electronics is a critical technology for electric vehicles, enabling the motor to convert DC power from the battery into AC power. Power electronics are also used for charging electric vehicles and managing the battery system.
  • Industrial Control Systems - Power electronics are used in industrial control systems to regulate and control the voltage and frequency of electrical power. This is critical for efficiently operating machines and equipment in manufacturing and other industrial settings.
  • Consumer Electronics - Power electronics are used in various consumer electronics, including smartphones, laptops, and televisions. Power electronics circuits are used to convert and regulate the voltage and current of the electrical power used by these devices.

Importance of Power Electronics

Power electronics is an essential technology critical in modern power systems. 

The efficient conversion and control of electrical power are essential for reducing energy consumption and improving the reliability and performance of electrical systems. 

Power electronics also play a vital role in developing and integrating renewable energy sources, enabling the efficient conversion and storage of energy from these sources.

In addition, power electronics is a rapidly growing field, with increasing demand for skilled professionals in various industries. 

The growth of electric vehicles and renewable energy systems, in particular, drives the demand for power electronics experts.

How to Start a Career in Power Electronics

Starting a career in power electronics requires education, training, and experience. Here are some steps you can take to begin a career in this field:


A bachelor's degree in electrical engineering is typically required for entry-level positions in power electronics. A degree in a related field, such as electronics or computer engineering, may also be acceptable. A master's degree in electrical engineering or a related field can also benefit career advancement.


After completing your education, gaining practical experience in power electronics is essential. This can be done through internships or entry-level positions in the industry. Look for opportunities to work with experienced professionals and gain hands-on experience with power electronics systems.


Professional certifications can also be beneficial for advancing your career in power electronics. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) offers several certifications for power electronics professionals, including the Certified Power Electronics Professional (CPEP) and the Certified Power Electronics Engineer (CPEng) certifications.


Power electronics is a broad field with many different specialisations. Consider focusing on a particular area of power electronics, such as renewable energy systems or electric vehicles, to develop specialised expertise and increase your career opportunities.


Networking is essential for building relationships and finding job opportunities in the power electronics industry. Attend industry events and conferences, join professional organisations, and connect with other professionals in the field to build your network.

Stay up-to-date 

Power electronics is rapidly evolving, with new technologies and applications constantly emerging. Stay up-to-date with the latest developments in the field by reading industry publications, attending conferences, and taking continuing education courses.

Career and Job Scope in Power Electronics

Power electronics is a rapidly growing field with many career opportunities.

The increasing demand for renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, and other power electronics applications drives the need for skilled professionals in this field. 

Here are some of the career and job scopes in power electronics:


Job Description

Average Salary (US$)

Power Electronics Engineer

Design and develop circuits and systems for power electronics

$82,000 - $125,000

Power Electronics Technician

Assist engineers in the installation and maintenance of power electronics systems

$45,000 - $75,000

Applications Engineer

Work with customers to design customised power electronics solutions

$75,000 - $115,000

Field Service Engineer

Install, maintain, and repair power electronics systems at customer sites

$60,000 - $95,000

Research and Development Engineer

Conduct research and develop new power electronics technologies

$85,000 - $135,000


What is power electronics?

Power electronics is a branch of electrical engineering that converts and controls electrical power using electronic devices and circuits.

What are some examples of power electronics applications?

Power electronics applications include renewable energy systems, electric vehicles, motor drives, consumer electronics, and power supplies.

What skills are required to work in power electronics?

Skills required for power electronics include knowledge of electronics, electrical systems, power devices, computer-aided design software, and control theory.

What degrees are required to work in power electronics?

A bachelor's or master's degree in electrical engineering or a related field is typically required to work in power electronics.

What are some standard job titles in power electronics?

Standard job titles in power electronics include power electronics engineer, applications engineer, field service engineer, and research and development engineer.

What industries hire power electronics professionals?

Industries that hire power electronics professionals include renewable energy, automotive, aerospace, consumer electronics, and telecommunications.

What is the job outlook for power electronics professionals?

The job outlook for power electronics professionals is positive, with increasing demand for skilled professionals in various industries.

What is the salary range for power electronics professionals?

Salaries for power electronics professionals vary depending on factors such as education level, years of experience, industry, and location. However, estimated salaries range from $45,000 to $135,000 per year.

How can I develop skills in power electronics?

Skills in power electronics can be developed through formal education, internships, on-the-job training, and continuing education courses.

What are some resources for learning more about power electronics?

Resources for learning more about power electronics include industry publications, online courses, professional organisations, and conferences.

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