What does a Front End Developer Do?

Front-end development is an essential part of web development, focusing on creating and designing the user interface of a website or application. 

It is the process of designing and developing the parts of a website that users can see and interact with. 

A front-end developer specialises in developing and coding the client side of web applications or websites. 

This article will discuss what front-end developers do, what skills they need, and how much they earn.

What is a Front-End Developer?

A front-end developer is responsible for creating the user interface of a website or application. They work on the client side of web development, which means they focus on the parts of the website that users can see and interact with. Front-end developers use a combination of programming languages, frameworks, and tools to create visually appealing and functional user interfaces.

Responsibilities of a Front-End Developer

A front-end developer has a variety of responsibilities, including:

  • Creating and implementing website designs: Front-end developers use their skills to create visually appealing website designs. They work with designers to implement their designs and ensure they are compatible with the underlying code.
  • Developing website features: Front-end developers are responsible for creating website features that users can interact with. This includes everything from buttons and forms to animations and visual effects.
  • Testing and debugging: Front-end developers test and debug their code to ensure everything works as intended. They also work with back-end developers to ensure that the application's client and server sides work together seamlessly.
  • Optimising website performance: Front-end developers optimise website performance by ensuring the website is fast and responsive. They do this by optimising code, compressing images, and minimising HTTP requests.
  • Ensuring cross-browser compatibility: Front-end developers provide the website works across browsers and platforms. This includes testing the website on other browsers and devices to ensure it looks and functions correctly.

Skills Required for Front-End Developers

Front-end developers must have a combination of technical and soft skills to succeed. Some of the technical skills required for front-end developers include:

  • Proficiency in programming languages: Front-end developers must be proficient in languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.
  • Experience with front-end frameworks: Front-end developers need experience with frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js.
  • Knowledge of responsive design: Front-end developers need to understand responsive design and how to create websites that work across different devices and screen sizes.
  • Understanding of web development tools: Front-end developers need experience with web development tools such as Git, Webpack, and Gulp.
  • Knowledge of cross-browser compatibility: Front-end developers need to understand cross-browser compatibility issues and how to solve them.

In addition to technical skills, front-end developers also need to have soft skills such as:

  • Creativity: Front-end developers need to be creative and able to design visually appealing websites that are easy to use.
  • Attention to detail: Front-end developers need to have a keen eye for detail and be able to spot and fix errors in their code.
  • Communication skills: Front-end developers must communicate effectively with designers, back-end developers, and other stakeholders.
  • Time management skills: Front-end developers must manage their time effectively to meet project deadlines.

Salary of Front-End Developers

The salary of a front-end developer can vary depending on various factors, including location, experience, and industry. 

According to Glassdoor, the average salary for a front-end developer in the United States is $76,929 annually. The salary can range from $52,000 to $111,000 per year, depending on the abovementioned factors.

Here is a table showing the average salaries for front-end developers in different countries:


Average Salary

United States




United Kingdom








As you can see, the salary of a front-end developer can vary significantly depending on their location. Generally, front-end developers in developed countries such as the United States and Canada earn higher salaries than those in developing countries such as India.

A front-end developer plays a critical role in web development by creating visually appealing and functional user interfaces. They use a combination of programming languages, frameworks, and tools to develop website features that users can interact with. 

To be a successful front-end developer, one needs technical and soft skills, including proficiency in programming languages, knowledge of responsive design, and creativity. 

The average salary of a front-end developer varies depending on location, experience, and industry. 

As the demand for web applications and websites continues to grow, the need for front-end developers is also increasing, making it a lucrative career choice for those interested in web development.


What programming languages do front-end developers use?

Front-end developers typically use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and various front-end frameworks and libraries.

Do front-end developers need to know design?

While front-end developers don't need to be designers, having design skills can be an advantage.

What tools do front-end developers use?

Front-end developers use various tools, including text editors, version control systems, and build tools.

What is responsive design?

Responsive design is an approach to web design that ensures websites work well on all devices and screen sizes, from desktops to smartphones.

How do front-end developers ensure cross-browser compatibility?

Front-end developers use various techniques to ensure that websites work well on different browsers, including testing on other browsers and using CSS prefixes.

What soft skills do front-end developers need?

Front-end developers need good communication, time management, and attention to detail, among other soft skills.

What is the job outlook for front-end developers?

The job outlook for front-end developers is positive, with solid demand for their skills expected to continue in the coming years.

What education do I need to become a front-end developer?

While a degree in computer science or a related field can be helpful, many front-end developers are self-taught and rely on online resources and courses to develop their skills.

What are some common front-end frameworks and libraries?

Some common front-end frameworks and libraries include React, Angular, Vue.js, jQuery, Bootstrap, and Foundation.

What is the difference between front-end development and UX design?

While front-end developers focus on creating a website or application's visual and functional aspects, UX designers focus on designing the overall user experience, including the user interface, user flows, and interactions. However, there is some overlap between the two fields, and many front-end developers have some UX design skills, and vice versa.

Share On