What are Human Rights
Human rights are moral precepts or standards for particular norms of behavior and are regularly safeguarded by domestic and international law.
Human rights are fought for by activists, individuals, and groups who support them. What rights-related privileges are available, and how can we use them? Who gives us these privileges, and what do they entail?
Human Rights: Definition
The General Assembly acknowledged in 1948 that certain rights and ideals are fundamental to human nature. Two global wars tore the world apart, and the newly established United Nations' core mission in the early 20th century was to develop universal principles and ideals for respect and acceptance. Human rights have been recognized as fundamental rights that every person possesses by being a member of the human race. It is a trait that everyone has, regardless of race, nationality, religion, language, sex, or any other characteristic. The Rights and Fundamental Rights are the parts of the Indian Constitution that guarantee people's rights.
All citizens, regardless of gender, caste, religion, or belief, are entitled to these fundamental rights. The Indian Constitution, created between 1947 and 1949, has these sections, which are considered to be it's most significant.
Human Rights in India
The Indian Constitution guarantees fundamental human rights to every citizen of India. There are six fundamental human rights in India. They are the rights to equality, freedom, protection from exploitation, right to liberty, rights to culture and education, and right to legal recourse under the constitution. These safeguards are crucial for developing the nation's population, which in turn helps the country advance as a whole.
The Indian Constitution's drafters made an In this technologically advanced day, parliamentarians are progressively playing a vital role in recognizing people's rights, adopting laws, and amending laws to protect and serve the people. The Indian Constitution's drafters made a great effort to include all necessary clauses. Despite this, ongoing changes have increased the scope of these protections.
Importance of Human Rights
- Human Rights ensure that people's basic needs are met: In addition to clothing and shelter, everyone requires food and water. When they are a part of a person's fundamental human rights, everyone has a certain amount of dignity. Although millions of people still do not have access to necessities, activists and others may work to change this by framing it as a matter of human rights.
- Individuals are empowered by human rights to combat social corruption: Rights allow people to speak up when they are targets of mistreatment or corruption. The idea of rights gives people power because it teaches them that they have a right to dignity from the community and the government. If they don't get it, they can choose to stand. Certain rights, like the freedom to gather, are necessary since no society is perfect.
- Human rights guarantee the freedom to practice one's religion: History is replete with religiously motivated violence and injustice. A person's religious and spiritual beliefs should be respected and practiced in peace. Refusing to practice a religion is likewise a human right.
- Access to education is made possible by human rights: Many factors make education necessary, but those living in societies where poverty is pervasive need it much more. According to this perspective, everyone, not just the wealthy, would have access if education were seen as a right. Access to schools, materials, and other resources is a challenge for organizations and governments working to end the cycle of poverty.
Basic Rights in Human Rights: 6 R’s of Human Rights
The following is a list of the fundamental rights. They differ from legal rights in that everyone has a right to their protection and can appeal directly to the Supreme Court of India if any of the freedoms protected by these rights are denied to them.
Right to Equality
The right to equality ensures that every citizen has the same rights. The right to equality prohibits discrimination based on caste, religion, place of birth, race, or gender. Additionally, it guarantees everyone the same opportunity to work for the government and forbids any job discrimination based merely on someone's religion, color, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence, or any combination of these characteristics.
Right to Freedom
We have several rights as a result of our right to freedom. These rights include the independence of thought and expression, peaceful assembly without the use of force, movement beyond our nation's borders, association, and profession, and the right to live anywhere in the country.
Right against Exploitation
According to Right Against Exploitation, it is unlawful to force someone to work without pay while they are legally entitled to neither not work nor be compensated for it. It is also illegal to engage in human trafficking, use children as laborers, or engage in other forms of forced labor unless it's for the benefit of the community, like volunteer work or non-profit services.
Right to Freedom of Religion
According to the Constitution, no state should have an official religion, and all religions shall be treated equally and impartially. The freedom of religion in India guarantees religious liberty and supports secularism. Additionally, it ensures that everyone has the privilege of conscience and the right to practice, preach, and spread any religion of their choice.
Educational and Cultural Rights
Cultural and educational rights protect the rights of linguistic, religious, and cultural minorities by enabling them to preserve their culture and protect them against prejudice. Everyone gets access to education regardless of caste, gender, religion, or other characteristics, thanks to educational rights.
Right to Constitutional Remedies
The Supreme Court of India can be contacted by citizens for enforcement of or protection from abuses of their fundamental rights thanks to their right to constitutional remedies. The Supreme Court has the power to compel private parties' compliance with Fundamental Rights and, in the event of a violation, to compensate the victim.
Organizations working for Human Rights
Here is a list of organizations that strive to improve access to information about people's rights and obligations.
- Human Rights Watch
- Amnesty International
- Civil Rights Defender
- People’s Union for Civil Liberties
- Asian Centre for Human Rights
- National Human Rights Commission of India
- People’s Vigilance Committee on Human Rights
- People’s Union for Democratic Rights
- National Confederation of Human Rights Organisations