CPI to Percentage

In India, grading systems might be alphabetical, numerical, or a combination. 

As a result, students encounter enormous challenges when comparing their results to other implemented standards in India and while seeking to study abroad (which is another obstacle). 

Additionally, one must be familiar with the words and conversion techniques utilised to prevent any possibility of discrepancy throughout the application process. 

Students need to convert their CGPA, SGPA, and SPI to percentage terms for admission and career-related considerations. 

This article examines the fundamentals of converting the Cumulative Performance Index, or CPI, to a percentage.

CPI: Definition

Cumulative Performance Index, or CPI for short, measures a candidate's total performance across all topics they have studied based on the number of credits each discipline requires. 

It is typically aggregated after each semester and takes all grades received up to the computation date into account.

Additionally, you can convert CPI to grade points or percentages depending on what the institution you are applying to requires.

The CPI calculating formula is as follows:

CPI = (C1*g1 + C2*g2 + C3*g3 + C4*g4+…. +Cn*gn) / C1 + C2 + C3 + C4+….+Cn

C= credits

g= grades 

CPI to Percentage: Key Factors Involved

The university considers several variables when determining a student's grades or percentage, including the relevant discipline, the type of degree (such as a master's or PhD), the duration of the course, practicals, and credit structure, among others.

Additionally, engineering and science-related colleges or departments may use slightly different methods than elsewhere when converting various grading systems into percentages. 

When converting CPI to rate, let's consider the key considerations you must make.

Annual or Semester-Based

Even though the semester-based system is used everywhere, many colleges still use the annual-based system, especially for online learning and open courses. 

You should consider the assessment system utilised by the institutions of the specific country before attempting to understand how CPI to percentage conversion functions. 

The semester system typically divides the academic year into six to eight equal study sessions in a three- or four-year program. 

For instance, a four-year B.Tech in various engineering areas in India consists of 8 semesters. Still, a three-year Bachelor of Management Studies or BBA in Airport Management program has six semesters.

Grading System

There are several different grading systems, including the 8-pointer system, 9-pointer system, and AP point system, in addition to the widely used 10-point scale.

Additionally, universities in the USA use the 4-point system, whereas those in the UK use the "2-point class honours" system.

Credit Structure

The credit structure offers a much-needed alternative to methods like CPI and percentage and is used by numerous academic institutions worldwide. 

The typical course structure involves assigning grades based on credits earned in required, core, and elective courses. 

In addition, credits are determined by the weekly number of hours spent in class. Higher credits may be needed for a necessary subject compared to credits required for a language or other courses. 

An essential step toward diversifying the rigid structure typically used in India is the recently established choice-based credit system, which allows students to pursue one or two subjects in any university department.

CPI to Percentage: Key Methods

The following list includes the two most common techniques for converting CPI to percentages.

Direct Conversion

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To streamline the admissions process for B.Tech./B.Arch. Degrees and engineering colleges frequently adopt the straight conversion of CPI to percentage.

percent=CPI times 10

Example: 75.5 per cent equals the CPI of 7.55.

Note: IITs typically employ this method of calculation. View the CPI to percentage method used by IIT Bombay here.

Formula Method

The formula approach calls for the following calculations to convert CPI to percentage:

(CPI - 0.5) * 10 = percentage

The rate = (7.55-0.5)*10, which results in 70.5 if the CPI is 7.55.

In some circumstances, CGPA only considers four-year courses, while CPI percentage only considers two-year courses.

CPI to GPA Conversion

While American colleges rate students based on GPA, Indian universities use the CGPA grading method to assess students' academic performance. 

Candidates who want to study in the USA in this situation must convert their CGPA, CPI, or percentage into GPA. 

The table below can be used to convert CPI to GPA if you're interested in doing so.



> 8.5


8.0 – 8.4


7.5 – 7.9


7.0 – 7.4


6.5 – 6.9


6.0 – 6.4


5.5 – 5.9


5.0 – 5.4


4.5 – 4.9


4.0 – 4.4


0 – 3.9


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