A Level or +2 Science? Which one is better?

Students often find themselves at a crossroads when choosing the right educational path after completing high school. One of the common dilemmas is whether to pursue A Level or +2 Science. 

Both options have their merits and can open doors to various opportunities in science and technology. This article will explore the differences between A Level and +2 Science, their advantages and disadvantages, and ultimately help you make an informed decision.

A-Level: An Internationally Renowned Course

The A-Level course is internationally recognised and renowned in over 160 countries. It is designed and conducted by the University of Cambridge and is affiliated with Cambridge University in the UK. This global recognition adds credibility to the qualifications earned through the A-Level course.

Flexibility in Subject Selection

One of the key advantages of the A-Level course is the flexibility it offers in subject selection. Unlike the traditional +2 Science program, where students have limited options based on their chosen stream, A-Level allows students to choose their desired subjects from a wide range of options. 

This interdisciplinary approach enables students to combine subjects from different streams, such as science, humanities, and management, according to their interests and career goals.

Wide Variety of Subjects

A-Level studies provide a diverse range of subjects beyond the traditional science curriculum. Along with core science subjects like biology, chemistry, and physics, A-Level offers subjects like management, finance, accounting, sociology, anthropology, tourism, psychology, geography, and environmental management. This allows students to explore different fields of study and provides a more comprehensive education.

Examination Structure and Flexibility

The A-Level course follows a two-year program with examinations held twice a year, in May and October. Unlike the +2 Science program, where students must appear for all subjects in a single examination, A-Level examinations can be taken individually at the end of each year or the two-year session. This flexibility allows students to focus on specific subjects and retake examinations if unsatisfied with their initial results.

Grading System and Recognition

The A-Level course adopts a grading system that includes grades A to E, with A being the highest. This system indicates a student's performance in each subject. The grades achieved in A-Level examinations are recognised by universities and educational institutions worldwide, making it easier for students to gain admission to prestigious international universities.

Fee Structure

The fee structure for A-Level courses may vary depending on the educational institution and country. It is important to consider the financial aspects when making a decision. A-Level courses often involve higher fees compared to the traditional +2 Science program.

+2 in Science: The Gateway to a Career in Science and Technology

Syllabus and Exam Grading Fee

The +2 in Science program offers an integrated curriculum comprising Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics. This comprehensive syllabus equips students with the necessary knowledge and skills to pursue higher education in Medicine, Engineering, and other scientific disciplines. The program aims to develop a strong foundation in students, preparing them for their future studies.

To enrol in the Grade 11 Science Subject Group, students must meet the following eligibility criteria based on their Secondary Education Examination (SEE) scores:

  • GPA: 2.0
  • C+ in Science and Mathematics
  • D+ in English, Nepali, and Social Studies

Choosing a Group

Within the +2 in Science program, students can specialise in different groups based on their interests and career goals. The available groups are:

Computer Group

The Computer Group caters to students interested in careers in Computer Science and its allied fields. This group provides a solid foundation in computer-related subjects and equips students with the necessary skills for future endeavours.

Physical Group

The Physical Group is designed for students aspiring to pursue careers in Engineering and other physical science disciplines. This group focuses on subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and other related fields, providing students with a strong academic background.

Biological Group

The Biological Group is ideal for students interested in the medical field and other allied disciplines. This group covers subjects like Biology, Chemistry, and other related topics, laying the groundwork for future medical and life sciences studies.

Career Opportunities

While immediate job prospects may not be available right after completing +2 in Science, there are various opportunities for students in this field. Some potential career paths include:

Medical Field

Many students who pursue Biology at their +2 level aspire to become doctors. Nepal offers prestigious institutions such as KU, TU, BPKIHS, and Patan Academy of Health Sciences, which provide programs like MBBS and BDS. Additionally, courses like B.Sc MLT and BMIT cater to students interested in laboratory work, while Bachelor in Pharmacy and Bachelor in Medical Microbiology offer alternative options in the medical field.


Nepal's universities offer various engineering programs, including Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu University, Purbanchal University, and Pokhara University. Students can choose from courses such as Civil Engineering, Electronics and Communication, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Geomatics, Biomedical Engineering, and Information Technology.

Computer and IT

Nepal now offers various computer and IT-related courses. Students can pursue BSc CSIT, BE-IT, BIT, BCA, BE Computer Engineering, and BE in Software Engineering. Some courses, such as BCA, also allow students from other disciplines to enrol.

Science and Technology

After completing +2, students can specialise in various science and technology courses focusing on specific subjects of interest, such as Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany, Microbiology, and Statistics.


Numerous management courses are available if students find +2 Science uninteresting and wish to switch fields. Pursuing management after +2 in Science does not diminish one's reputation; instead, it opens up unlimited opportunities. Students can enrol in programs like BBA, BHM, BTTM, BBA-BI, and BBS.

Salient Features and People's Perception

Most students, particularly those who have excelled in the Secondary Education Examination (SEE), prefer to pursue Science in Grade XI. Science is often seen as having better career prospects than Management, Humanities, and Education. Completing +2 in Science provides students various possibilities across various disciplines, including agriculture, forestry, management, and humanities.

Curricular Structure

The Curriculum Development Center has recently introduced a new curriculum for classes 11 and 12, eliminating the stream-based education system. The following are the compulsory subjects for Grades 11 and 12:

Grade 11 Compulsory Subjects

  • Nepali [Nep. 001]
  • English [Eng. 003]
  • Social Studies and Life Skills [Sol. 005] or Mathematics [Mat. 007]

Grade 12 Compulsory Subjects

  • Nepali [Nep. 002]
  • English [Eng. 004]
  • Social Studies and Life Skills [Sol. 006] or Mathematics [Mat. 008]

Students also have the option to choose from various subjects based on their interests. Here are some of the optional subjects available:

  • Physics [Phy. 101]
  • Biology [Bio. 201]
  • Chemistry [Che. 301]
  • Mathematics [Mat. 401]
  • Accounting [Acc. 103]
  • Education and Development [Ed. 203]
  • Economics [Eco. 303]
  • Applied Mathematics [Ama. 403]
  • And many more

Job Prospects

While immediate job opportunities may be limited after completing +2 in Science, students can explore part-time teaching positions in schools or offer home tuition. Additionally, they become eligible to sit for the subba level examination conducted by the public service commission (lok sewa aayog). This opens up possibilities in government employment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Is pursuing A Level or +2 Science necessary for a successful career in science?

A: While both A Level and +2 Science can pave the way for a successful career in science, it ultimately depends on your goals and aspirations. Consider your long-term plans and the opportunities each qualification offers before deciding.

Q: Can I pursue higher education abroad with +2 Science?

A: Yes, pursuing higher education abroad with +2 Science is possible. However, you may need to research the specific requirements of the universities and programs you are interested in to ensure they accept +2 Science as a valid qualification.

Q: Which option provides better preparation for entrance exams like engineering and medicine?

A: +2 Science stream provides focused preparation for entrance exams required for admission into professional courses like engineering and medicine. The curriculum is designed to cover the necessary topics and provide the foundational knowledge needed for these exams.

Q: Are there any alternatives to A Level and +2 Science for pursuing a career in science?

A: There are alternative pathways to pursue a career in science. Vocational courses, diploma programs, and specialised certifications can also provide opportunities in specific scientific fields. Research the options and choose the path that aligns with your interests and goals.

Q: How can I decide between A Level and +2 Science?

A: Consider your long-term goals, preferred learning style, and the recognition of each qualification in the country where you plan to pursue higher education or work. Research the curriculum, career prospects, and opportunities available with each option to make an informed decision.

Q: Can I switch from A-Level to +2 Science or vice versa?

A: Switching between A Level and +2 Science may have certain challenges, such as differences in curriculum and recognition. It is advisable to consult with educational counsellors or institutions to understand the feasibility and implications of such a switch.


In the debate of A Level or +2 Science, there is no definitive answer about which is better. Both qualifications have strengths and weaknesses; the choice ultimately depends on your goals, aspirations, and circumstances. 

Consider factors such as international recognition, curriculum depth, career prospects, and alignment with your interests before deciding. Remember, choosing the right educational path is crucial to shaping your future in science.

Share On