A Guide to the Bachelor of Health Science Degree

Embarking on the journey of a Bachelor of Science in Health Science (BHS) is akin to opening the door to a world that seamlessly intertwines biological, physical, and social sciences with hands-on training. This dynamic blend not only acquaints students with healthcare principles but also immerses them in practical healthcare scenarios. Beyond the foundational knowledge, a BHS degree opens doors to diverse career paths, from healthcare administration to specialized medical practices.

Navigating Entry into Healthcare

Many holders of a BHS degree kickstart their careers in entry-level healthcare administrative roles, such as assistant clinic administrators or program coordinators. However, this is just the beginning for numerous graduates who go on to pursue professional degrees like Doctor of Medicine (MD), Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), or Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM). Some BHS programs even offer a pre-med track for students aspiring to become healthcare practitioners.

Unveiling the Essence of a BHS Degree

A Bachelor’s degree in health science caters to students with a keen interest in various healthcare facets, whether as medical practitioners, administrators, or researchers. Recognizing that many healthcare roles demand advanced degrees, a BHS degree serves as a solid foundation before delving into graduate education. The curriculum often includes a practicum or internship, providing a hands-on application of acquired knowledge and essential skills for future careers.

Diverse Course Offerings

The initial two years of a BHS program are dedicated to fulfilling general education requirements, typical of any bachelor's degree. However, emphasis shifts towards science and math courses, including biology, chemistry, psychology, and statistics. As students progress into their major coursework, subjects may encompass global health, epidemiology, medical ethics, healthcare policy, health equity, anatomy and physiology, healthcare management, developmental psychology, endocrinology, and neuroscience.

Tailoring Education with Specializations

The versatility of a health science degree opens the door to numerous specializations, allowing students to align their studies with broader career interests. Specializations may range from general health science and occupational therapy to pre-professional or pre-med tracks, pre-physical therapy, emerging health technologies, patient care, healthcare leadership, and global public health.

Immersive Practicum or Internship

Beyond classroom learning, a BS in Health Science typically includes a practicum or internship, offering students the chance to apply theoretical knowledge in real-world clinical settings. Options for practical experience may include public health organizations, hospitals, medical clinics, or even international health sites. This hands-on approach is often completed in the final year, bridging the gap between academic learning and professional practice.

Time and Cost Considerations

Similar to other bachelor’s degrees, completing a Bachelor of Science in Health Science requires four to five years of full-time study. The cost varies based on factors such as the institution's nature—public or private. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), the average tuition and fees during the 2019-2020 academic year were $9,400 at public institutions and $36,700 at private institutions.

Choosing the Right BHS Program

Given that health science is still a relatively recent field at the undergraduate level, not all institutions may offer BHS programs. When seeking the right program for you, consider the following factors:

Specializations Matter

Align your career aspirations with the available specializations. If healthcare leadership is your goal, prioritize schools offering this concentration within their health science program. Alternatively, if your current institution lacks a health science program, consult an academic advisor to explore alternative majors like public health, healthcare administration, or nursing.

Practicum Placement Insights

Each school's connections with different organizations can influence your practicum options. Engage with a program advisor before applying to gain insights into available practicum opportunities. This strategic approach enhances your readiness for post-graduation life, combining coursework with valuable internship experiences.

Online vs. In-Person Dynamics

While online options for a BHS degree are less prevalent, they do exist, offering increased scheduling flexibility. However, due to the lab-oriented nature of the coursework, even virtual programs may necessitate onsite attendance for specific components.

Exploring Career Trajectories

With a Bachelor of Science in Health Science, you can embark on three primary career tracks:

Entry-Level Roles

Many BHS graduates initiate their careers in entry-level positions at hospitals, community agencies, public health agencies, pharmacies, or research laboratories. Responsibilities may span health services, administration, information management, or public health.

Master’s Degree Pursuit

For those interested in healthcare administration or policy, numerous graduate programs await, including the Master’s in Public Health (MPH), Master of Health Administration (MHA), or Master of Science in Health Information Management. These advanced degrees qualify individuals for more specialized roles within the healthcare sector.

Professional Degree Aspirations

Students with a passion for patient care can explore professional degree programs, paving the way to become doctors, dentists, veterinarians, physician assistants, physical therapists, or other healthcare practitioners.


Q1: What does a Bachelor of Health Science (BHS) degree entail?

A: A BHS degree integrates the study of biological, physical, and social sciences with hands-on training, providing a comprehensive understanding of healthcare principles and practices. It serves as a foundational education for diverse healthcare careers.

Q2: What career paths can I pursue with a BHS degree?

A: BHS graduates can enter entry-level healthcare administrative roles or opt for professional degrees like MD, DDS, or DVM. The degree opens doors to careers in healthcare administration, research, or specialized medical practices.

Q3: Is a BHS degree necessary for a career in healthcare?

A: While not mandatory, a BHS degree offers a solid foundation for healthcare careers. It's especially beneficial for roles requiring advanced degrees, laying the groundwork for further studies in healthcare or related fields.

Q4: What types of courses are included in a BHS program?

A: The initial years focus on general education, with an emphasis on science and math courses like biology, chemistry, psychology, and statistics. Major coursework includes global health, epidemiology, medical ethics, healthcare policy, anatomy, physiology, and specialized topics.

Q5: Can I specialize within a BHS program?

A: Yes, BHS programs often offer specializations such as occupational therapy, pre-med, healthcare leadership, global public health, and more. Specializations allow students to tailor their studies to align with specific career interests.

Q6: Is a practicum or internship part of the BHS program?

A: Yes, BHS programs typically include a practicum or internship, offering hands-on experience in clinical settings. Students may work with public health organizations, hospitals, or international health sites to apply theoretical knowledge in real-world scenarios.


In conclusion, a Bachelor of Science in Health Science not only lays the groundwork for a fulfilling career in healthcare but also opens doors to a myriad of possibilities. As the healthcare sector continues to grow, choosing the right BHS program becomes a pivotal decision in shaping your professional trajectory.

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